Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam Muhammad Abduh dan Muhammad Iqbal

Thought of Islamic Education Muhammad Abduh and Muhammad Iqbal

  • Normuslim Normuslim Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palangka Raya
Keywords: Islamic Education Thought


Muhammad Abduh and Muhammad Iqbal are two of the reformers of Islamic thought who are very popular in the East and even the West. Both are thinkers who have different typologies, although that does not mean that they are opposite, but they are complementary. Muhammad Abduh is a thinker who emphasizes changes in society at a macro level, whereas Muhammad Iqbal prioritizes natural self-change. The equation is that in general they both carry out reforms towards reformulating the Islamic religious doctrine in all lines of human life and placing reasoning (rationality) in an urgent place. Both try to integrate aspects of religiosity (religion) and aspects of rationality (philosophy) as a single truth.Education is one aspect of both thoughts which basically Abduh and Iqbal initiated an independent Islamic education system, not bound or dependent on a foreign (Western) education system, but able to absorb Western rationality and integrate it with an Islamic education system born of the local Islamic community .


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Normuslim Normuslim, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palangka Raya


Abduh, Muhammad, Risalah Tauhid, Mizan, Bandung, 1979.
al-Amal al-Kamil, al-Muassaroh al-Arabiyah, al-Dirasah wa al-Nasr, 1972, Beirut.
Akbar S., Ahmed, Post Modernism, Bahaya dan Harapan bagi Islam, Mizan, Bandung, 1996.
Ati, Muhammad Abduh, al-Fikr al-Siasi al-Imam Muhammad Abduh, Kairo, 1979.
Haddad, Ivonne Yazbeke, Muhammad Abduh and Islam Modernism, Terj., Para Perintis Zaman, Mizan, Bandung, 1994.
Iqbal, Muhammad, Secrets of the Self A Philosophical Puem, Terj., 1982.
The Reconstruction of Religius Thought in Islam, Lahore, Ashraf, 1982.
Lee, Robert D., Over Coming Tradition and Modernity, Terj., Mencari Islam Otentik, dari Nalar Puitis Iqbal hingga Nalar Kritis Arkoun, Mizan, Bandung, 2000.
Madjid, Nurcholis, Islam Kemodernan dan Ke-Indonesiaan, Mizan, bandung, 1987.
Nasution, Harun, Pembaharuan Islam, Sejarah dan Gerakan, Bulan Bintang, Jakarta, 1982.
Nerr, Malcomlen H., Islamic Reform, the Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad Abduh and Rasyid Ridha, Berkly University of California Press, 1966.
How to Cite
Normuslim, N. (2013). Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam Muhammad Abduh dan Muhammad Iqbal. Anterior Jurnal, 12(2), 97–103.