Review on COVID-19: Rise of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic Outbreak

Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, 2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV


Initially recognized of COVID-19 within the world in 2019, the World Health Organization situational report from May 22nd, 2020, globally, there is a complete of 5,204,508 confirmed cases, with 212 countries being affected by the novel coronavirus. 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is that the seventh member of the family of coronaviruses is enveloped viruses with a positive sense, single-stranded RNA genome. The SARS-CoV-2 may be a β-CoV of group 2B there is 70% comparability in genetic sequence to SARS-CoV. The source of the new coronavirus infection has been resolved as bats. With whole-genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 is 96% comparatively at the whole-genome level to a bat coronavirus. Mechanisms of transmission are concluded to incorporate contact, droplet, and possibly airborne under certain circumstances supported ancient experiences associated with SARS-CoV outbreaks. Although antiretroviral therapy is being widely used everywhere the globe for such patents, effects at finding a SARS-CoV vaccine haven’t succeeded so far.


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How to Cite
Bala, V. C., & Kumar, P. (2020). Review on COVID-19: Rise of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic Outbreak. Borneo Journal of Pharmacy, 3(Special-1), 103-120.