Potensi Tumbuhan Kelakai (Stenochlaena palustris (Burm.F.) Bedd.) asal Kalimantan Tengah sebagai Afrodisiaka
The necessity of traditional medicine is efficacious as aphrodisiac increasing every year. The Dayak community believes that Kelakai roots have efficacy as an aphrodisiac drug, but no studies were conducted relating to the efficacy of the Kelakai roots. Traditional medicinal products are efficacious as aphrodisiac have a hormone-like effect, usually contain active ingredients that have estrogenic properties among other things, progesterone, androgenic, adaptogenic, and ketogenic. Materials that are androgenic or adaptogenic nature helps maintain and restore stamina. This research was aimed to determine the content of the active compound on the Kelakai roots that efficacious as an aphrodisiac and to determine the profile of Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) of active compound contained in Kelakai roots. This study used the identification method of chemical compounds such as starches and aleurone, tannins, catechols, flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, and steroids for simplicia powder and ethanol extract of Kelakai roots. The extraction of Kelakai roots done by soxhletation and TLC used to identify a specific chemical compound. The result showed that Kelakai Roots contain active compounds potentially aphrodisiac namely alkaloids and saponin. While the TLC profile obtained is the presence of stains on the appearance of a non-polar eluent (Chloroform: Ethyl Acetate) with a ratio of 7: 3, 8: 2, 9: 4 with each Rf value is 0.70 cm (7: 3), 0.94 cm (8: 2) and 0.94 cm (9: 4). This research reported for the first time the potential of Kelakai roots as an aphrodisiac. Thus, further work will focus on the study of the pharmacological effects of Kelakai roots.
FWI dan GFW. 2001. Potret Keberadaan Hutan Indonesia. Bogor, Indonesia. Forest Watch Indonesia dan Washington D.C. Global Forest Watch.
Katno, 2008. Tingkat Manfaat, Keamanan, Dan Efektifitas Tanaman Obat Dan Obat Tradisional. Tawamangu: Badan Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan RI. Hal. 3; 15; 41 dalam Dewi, A.A.A.P.K., Warditiani, N.K., Leliqia, N.P.E. Inventarisasi Obat Dalam Usaha Upas Dalam Bentuk Buku Elektronik. Bali: Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Udayana
Noorcahyati. 2012. Tumbuha nBerkhasiat Obat Etnis Asli Kalimantan. Balik papan :Balai Penelitian Teknologi Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam.
Pratap SA, and Rajender S. 2012. Potent Natural Aphrodisiacs For The Management Of Erectile Dysfunction And Male Sexual Disabilities. Frontiers in Bioscience. Pubmed. 1(4):167-80.
Silva CV, Borges FM, Velozo ES. 2012. Phytochemistry Of Some Brazilian Plants With Aphrodisiac Activity. Phytochemicals – A Global Perspective of Their Role in Nutrition and HealthAvailable from Intechopen
Sinrang, A. Wardihan, I. Idris, I. Patelongi, Y. Tandiroongan& M. Susanty. 2005. Disfungsi Ereksidan Hipertensi. J Med Nus Vol. 26 No. 1 Januari-Maret 2005.
Sukandar E Y. 2006. Tren Dan Paradigma Dunia Farmasi, Industri Klinik Teknologi Kesehatan. Bandung : ITB. Dalam Kumalasari, L O R. 2006. Pemanfaatan Obat Tradisional Dengan Pertimbangan Manfaat Dan Keamanan. Jember :Artikel Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian Vol. 3 No. 1 Hal. 1-7 Universitas Jember.
All rights reserved. This publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording.