Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun <p style="text-align: justify;">Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan is a Scientific Journal managed by&nbsp;<a title="Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry" href="http://fapertahut.umpalangkaraya.ac.id/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry</a> <a href="http://umpalangkaraya.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya</a>&nbsp;and published&nbsp;twice a year (in June and December) by <a href="http://lp2m.umpalangkaraya.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Researches and Community Services</a> <a href="http://umpalangkaraya.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya</a>, contains articles of research and critical-analysis studies in Agrotechnology, Forestry, and another related topics.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a title="SINTA" href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=3827"><img src="/public/site/images/adminjournal/SINTA4.png" width="81" height="29"></a></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Daun J Pertanian Kehutanan is accredited at&nbsp;<strong>"SINTA 4"</strong>&nbsp;until December 2024 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Indonesia No: 5162/E4/AK.04/2021.</p> ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya en-US Daun: Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian dan Kehutanan 2356-0312 <p>All rights reserved. This publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording.</p> Aplikasi Photosynthetic Bacteria terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Stroberi Didataran Rendah https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6106 <p>The strawberry plant has been known since Roman times, the strawberry plant is a herbaceous fruit plant. Herbaceous plants have wet stems and have no wood. Photosynthetic bacteria (PSB) are amazing autotrophic bacteria that can photosynthesize, photosynthetic bacteria are bacteria that can convert organic matter into amino acids or bioactive substances with the help of sunlight. Lowland in general are very large areas with relatively shallow elevations, which are less than 200 meters above sea level. The lowland are also known as floodplains or alluvial plains. The objectives of this research are (i) how is the growth and yield of strawberry plant with the application of PSB (Photosynthetic bacteria) (ii) what is the best dose of PSB for the growth and yield of strawberry plant. This research was conducted in Kebun Sari Village, Central Amuntai District, Hulu Sungai Utara Regency, South Kalimantan Province. It was carried out for 4 months starting from June to September 2022. This research was carried out using a RAK (Randomized Block Design) with a single factor studied was the concentration. 5 levels of PSB consisting of p0 0 ml PSB/l water, p1 5 ml PSB/l water, p2 10 ml PSB/l water, p3 15 ml PSB/l water, p4 20 ml PSB/l water. The results showed that the growth of strawberry plants had no effect on the provision of PSB</p> <p><em>Keywords : </em><em>Lowlands, Media, Photosynthetic bacteria, Polybag, </em><em>Strawberry</em></p> Mekka Hariani Khalisa Khalisa Abdul Halim Mahdiannoor Mahdiannoor Copyright (c) 2024 Mekka Hariani http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 1 11 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6106 Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kedelai Edamame (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) pada Tanah Gambut yang diberi Dolomit dan Pupuk Hayati https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6284 <p><em>Edamame soybeans are soybeans that are harvested young so they are known as green soybeans. The high nutritional content and delicious taste make edamame soybeans popular with the public, so they have the potential to be developed. One effort to increase edamame production is through expanding the planting area (Extensification). One type of soil that has the potential for expanding edamame soybean plants is peat soil. This research aims to examine the effect of dolomite and biofertilizer on the growth and yield of edamame on peat soil. The experiment was carried out using a two-factor factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. The first factor, namely dolomite (0, 5, 10, 15 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) and the second factor, namely biofertilizer (0, 5, 10, 15 g kg<sup>-1</sup> seed). The research results showed that the interaction between dolomite and biofertilizer and the single factor of biofertilizer had no significant effect on the growth and yield of edamame soybeans. Theresults showed that the interaction between dolomite and biofertilizer and the single factor of biofertilizer had no significant effect on the growth and yield of edamame soybeans. The application of dolomite can increase leaf area, plant dry weight, number of pods, and fresh pod weight plant<sup>-1</sup> of edamame soybean plants on peat soil.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Keywords: extensification, edamame, dolomite, biofertilizer, peat soil</em></p> Erina Riak Asie Nyahu Rumbang Kambang Vetrani Asie Syahrudin Syahrudin Darmawan Darmawan Copyright (c) 2024 erina riak asie, Nyahu Rumbang, Kambang Vetrani Asie, Syahrudin Syahrudin, Darmawan Darmawan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 12 20 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6284 Penyusutan dan Dimensi Serat Kayu Tumeh (Combretocarpus rotundatus Dans) pada Letak Radial https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6296 <p><em>The shrinkage of wood and the dimensions of wood fibers in the radial positions of stem are two important factors in the use of wood. An understanding of the dimension of wood fiber and the shrunkage of the wood in the radial direction can guide the optimum use of timber. The purpose of this study is to determine the shrinkage and changes in the dimensions of the timber (Combretocarpus rotundatus Dans) in the radial direction. The method used refers to the British and IAWA standards. The parameters measured are the radial and tangential shrinkage of wood as well as the dimensions of the fiber. The t test is used to test statistically. The results obtained showed that the position in the radial direction of the stem had a significant influence on the tangential shrinkage of fresh-oven dry and the fiber dimensions of Tumeh wood. The tangential shrinkage of the near pith is lower than that near the bark. The nearest pith part has a shorter fiber length; a thicker fiber wall is thinner than the near bark but still in the same quality class (Grade III)</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: tumeh, combretocarpus rotundatus, shrinkage, fiber dimension, radial positions.</em></p> Wahyu Supriyati Alpian Alpian Yanciluk Yanciluk Copyright (c) 2024 wahyu supriyati, Wahyu, Alpian, Yanciluk http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 21 29 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6296 Pengaruh ZPT Alami dan Lama Perendaman terhadap Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Bawang Merah (True Shallot Seed) https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6320 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine and study the real effect of natural growth regulators (ZPT), soaking time and interactions on the viability and vigor of shallot seeds (True Shallot Seed). This research was conducted in April-June 2023 using a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The first factor was the administration of growth regulators (ZPT) with 4 levels of treatment, namely mineral water, coconut water extract, bean sprout extract and shallot extract. The second factor is immersion time with 3 levels, namely 1, 2 and 3 hours. Variables observed included sprout growth, uniformity of growth, vigor index, germination rate, normal sprout dry weight and sprout length. The results of the study showed that there was a significant effect on the interaction of natural ZPT administration and soaking time on the observed variables of growth uniformity and normal sprout dry weight. It also had a significant effect on the administration of natural ZPT on the variables of sprouting power, growth uniformity, vigor index, germination rate, sprout dry weight. normal and long sprouts, with the best treatment soaking in mineral water. The treatment had no significant effect on the long immersion treatment.</em></p> <p><em>Keyword : Natural growth regulator, Soaking time, True seed shallot, Viability, Vigor</em></p> Siti Zubaidah Meldriany Pandiangan Oesin Oemar Soaloon Sinaga Hadinnupan Panupesi Copyright (c) 2024 Siti Zubaidah, Meldriany Pandiangan, Oesin Oemar, Soaloon Sinaga, Hadinnupan Panupesi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 30 40 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6320 Pemanfaatan Gulma Air sebagai Pupuk Organik Padat untuk Peningkatan Produksi Bawang Merah https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6667 <p><em>Most farmers typically plant rice only once a year, leading to weed-infested fields. Using aquatic weeds as Pupuk Organik Padat (POP) is seen as a viable approach to weed control. This study aims to explore the interaction and effects of different types and doses of aquatic weeds as POP and identify the most effective combination. The research was conducted in Banua Budi Village, Barabai District, Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency, from June to October 2023, utilizing a Randomized Complete Block Design (RAK) with 2 factors, grouped based on tuber diameter. The types of POP (J) include three levels: j1: POP water mimosa, j2: POP lotus, j3: POP banto grass. The POP dosage factor consists of two levels: d1: 20 ton.ha<sup>-1</sup> equivalent to 2 kg/plot, d2: 30 ton.ha<sup>-1</sup> equivalent to 3 kg/plot. There were six combinations with four replications, resulting in 24 experimental units. Each experimental unit comprised 16 plants, and four sample plants were observed, making a total of 96 sample plants. The findings indicate that the interaction and individual treatment types had no significant impact on the observed variables. However, when considering the single treatment of water weed with POP dosage, there was a notable effect. The optimal dosage was found to be d<sub>2</sub>: 30 ton.ha<sup>-1</sup> or equivalent to 3 kg/plot.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords : Sallots, Solid organic fertilizer, Production</em></p> Muna Aida Masjidi Sahid Norahman Hairini Yulianti Nurul Istiqomah Copyright (c) 2024 Muna Aida Masjidi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 41 51 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6667 Dampak Revitalisasi Objek Wisata Embung Cerme Melalui Budidaya Tanaman Buah https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6767 <p><em>Embung Cerme is a tourist attraction in Sanggang Village, Bulu District, Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java. In 2012, the Cerme Embung was built as a facility to store rainwater and irrigate plants. This reservoir was abandoned in 2013 due to a lack of structured management and limited development funds. Until 2018, Embung Cerme was revived through a revitalization process and became a new tourist attraction. Embung Cerme's revitalization mechanism consists of physical intervention, social intervention, economic intervention and environmental intervention. The impact of revitalization influences society from economic, socio-cultural and ecological aspects. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of the revitalization that took place in Embung Cerme through the cultivation of fruit plants. This research uses a qualitative analysis method with a descriptive approach with data sources of in-depth interviews, observation and documentation. As a result, the revitalization of Embung Cerme has had positive and negative consequences in every aspect. The positive impact is felt more by the people of Sanggang Village. This shows that the revitalization of Embung Cerme through the cultivation of fruit plants has been successful and can be sustainable.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords : </em><em>Cultivation, Empowerment, Impact, Reservoir, Revitalization</em></p> Nathania Fredlina Shaffa Haurelia Agung Wibowo Dwiningtyas Padmaningrum Copyright (c) 2024 Nathania Fredlina Shaffa Haurelia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 52 63 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6767 Keragaan dan Karakter Fase Pertumbuhan In VitroPutatif Mutan Anggrek Hitam Kalbar Hasil Induksi Mutasi Secara Kimia https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6854 <p>Putative mutants of West Kalimantan black orchids obtained through mutation activities need to be evaluated for their growth character and performance early, starting from the vegetative phase at the in vitro stage. This study aims to determine the performance and character of the in vitro putative growth phase of West Kalimantan black orchid mutants. The research was carried out at the Biotechnology Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Tanjungpura University from April-October 2023. The experiment was conducted using Complete Randomized Design. As a treatment were 6 in vitro bud clones of black anggtek (5 putative mutant clones derived from 5 EMS concentration levels and 1 wild type plant clone as control). The clones are K (as control plant) and M, N, O, P and Q clones each resulting from EMS concentration 0; 0,25; 0,50; 0,75; 1.00 and 1.25%. The treatment was repeated 5 times and each repetition consisted of 5 samples, resulting in a total of 150 experimental units. Variables observed include: Changes in plant weight, time of emergence of shoots, time of emergence of roots, increase in the number of leaves, number of shoots and number of roots. The results showed that the increase in the number of leaves and weight of putative mutant plants endemic to West Kalimantan black orchids from clone M was better than control plants (K) and other clones (clones N, O, P and Q), For the character of the number of shoots and roots, all mutant putative clones produced a lower number of shoots and roots than control plants (K). The results of plant characterization, found differences in growth characters in all putative clones of black orchid mutants except the O clone, when compared to control plants.</p> <p><em>Keywords : </em><em>Black orchid, In vitro, Performance, Putatif Mutant, Vegetative growth</em></p> Asnawati Asnawati Agustina Listiawati Copyright (c) 2024 Asnawati Asnawati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 64 72 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6854 Rantai Pasok dan Efisiensi Pemasaran Cabai Keriting di Kelurahan Bukit Biru https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6886 <p><em>Red chilii is a commodity that is often sought after by the community to be used as a complementary spice for cooking or is often used to make the color of dishes bright and inviting to eat. Increasing population development has an effect on the need for curly chili in the community. The Aimed of this study was to determine the supply chain of curly chili in the Urban Bukit Biru. To find out the amount of marketing costs, marketing margins, and share margins on each channel. To find out the marketing efficiency of curly chili in Urban Bukit Biru Sub-district Tenggarong. Data collection was carried out by direct interviews with respondents using a list of research questionnaires and direct field observations. The results showed that there were 2 marketing channels in the curly chili supply chain in Urban Bukit Biru Sub-district Tenggarong. The lowest marketing costs are in channel 1 which is IDR 681/Kg, then the highest marketing margin is on channel 2, which is IDR 13,000/Kg and the highest margin share is on channel 1, which is 94.32%. The results of the marketing efficiency calculation stated that channel 1 was efficient and channel 2 was not yet efficient.</em></p> <p><em>Key Words : Marketing efficiency, Red chili, Supplay chain</em></p> Astik Drianti Arista Damayanti Ira Oktaviani Lita Sari Copyright (c) 2024 Astik Drianti, Arista Damayanti, Ira Oktaviani Lita Sari http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 73 83 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6886 Diskursus Sosial Stakeholder dalam Upaya Pelestarian Sumber Daya Alam (UPSA) di Kabupaten Malang https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/6937 <p><em>UPSA (The Natural Resources Conservation Effort is one of BPDAS Brantas Sampean’s RHL (Forest and Land Rehabilitation) progams which are carried out in 3 places namely Pujon Hill, UB Forest and Wajak, Malang Regency. Collaboration between stakeholder is the main key to the succes of policy produts and their sustainability. Discourse is present as a tool that is able to provide an explanation of sosial conditions. Aim of this research is how the perspectiveof stakeholder influences the follow-up action pf the progam. Data collection uses observation, interviews document analysis related to UPSA. Discourses analysis begins with the result of interviews that have been recorded and then transcribed into writing and data analysis by the Nvivo12 software. The result of the data re then explained descriptively. Our findings show that the perspective of each stakeholder towards the UPSA Progam Influences land management. The Occurrence of domination of power, a sense of ownership and openness among stakeholders has the potential to create new conflicts.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords</em> <em>: Social Discourse, Stakeholder, UPSA</em></p> Tatag Muttaqin Musdzalifah Sukmawati Imam Ade Putra Bala Naresvara Nircela Pradipta Copyright (c) 2024 Tatag Muttaqin, Musdzalifah Sukmawati, Imam Ade Putra Bala, Naresvara Nircela Pradipta http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 84 99 10.33084/daun.v11i1.6937 Perlakuan Pupuk Kandang Ayam terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Segau Varietas Ensabi dan Lokal (Dayak) di Tanah Berpasir https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/7482 <p><em>This research aimed to analyze the interaction between chicken manure fertilizer dosage treatment and variety treatment, as well as their individual factors, on the growth and yield of Ensabi and local segau plants in sandy soil. The research was conducted for 4 months at the Experimental Garden of the University of Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya. This polybag research used a Randomized Block Design (RBD). Factor I: chicken manure fertilizer dosage treatment (A) consisted of 5 levels, namely: A1= 5 t ha<sup>-1</sup>, A2= 10 t ha<sup>-1</sup>, A3= 15 t ha<sup>-1</sup>, A4= 20 t ha<sup>-1</sup>, and A5= 25 t ha<sup>-1</sup>, and Factor II: segau/Dayak mustard variety treatment (V), namely: Ensabi segau variety (V<sub>1</sub>) and local segau variety (V<sub>2</sub>).The results showed that the interaction between chicken manure fertilizer dosage treatment and local segau variety had a significant effect on the variable of leaf number at 21 days after planting (DAP). The treatment of 25 t ha<sup>-1</sup> chicken manure fertilizer with the local segau variety (V<sub>2</sub>A<sub>5</sub>) resulted in the highest leaf number, which was 13.33 leaves, but was not significantly different from other treatments, except for the Ensabi variety with 5 t ha<sup>-1</sup> chicken manure fertilizer (V<sub>1</sub>A<sub>1</sub>) which resulted in 8.00 leaves. The single treatment of chicken manure fertilizer dosage had a significant effect on the variables of leaf number at 21 DAP and shoot weight at 21 DAP. The single treatment of segau variety had a very significant effect on the variables of leaf area at 14 DAP and 21 DAP, and shoot weight at 21 DAP (at harvest). The segau variety treatment did not have a significant effect on plant height at 14 DAP and 21 DAP, leaf number at 14 DAP and 21 DAP, root length, and plant fresh weight. The research results indicate that the local variety is more efficient to be planted on sandy soil with a chicken manure fertilizer dosage of 5 t ha<sup>-1</sup>.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords : Ensabi, Dayak mustard, chicken manure fertilizer dosage, segau, sandy soil</em></p> Nurul Hidayati Pienyani Rosawanti Ahmad Ardiyanto Djoko Eko Hadi Susilo Fahruddin Arfianto Hariyadi Copyright (c) 2024 Nurul Hidayati, Pienyani Rosawanti, Ahmad Ardiyanto, Djoko Eko Hadi Susilo, Fahruddin Arfianto, Hariyadi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-06-24 2024-06-24 11 1 100 111 10.33084/daun.v11i1.7482 Cover, Content, and Editorial Note from Daun J Pertanian Kehutanan Vol. 11 No. 1 Juni 2024 https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/daun/article/view/7543 <p><span id="cell-17153-name" class="gridCellContainer"><span class="label">Chief Editor of Daun J Pertanian Kehutanan</span></span></p> Chief Editor of Daun J Pertanian Kehutanan Copyright (c) 2024 Chief Editor of Daun J Pertanian Kehutanan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-07-15 2024-07-15 11 1 10.33084/daun.v11i1.7543