Tunas: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas <p><strong>Title:</strong> Tunas: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar<br /><strong>ISSN:</strong> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2685-8169">2685-8169</a> (<em>online</em>), ISSN: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2477-6076">2477-6076</a> (<em>print</em>)<br /><strong>Subject: </strong>Education (Primary school teachers)<br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> six-monthly (2 issues per year in December and June)<br /><strong>Indexed at: </strong><a href="https://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail/?id=5063">SINTA 4</a>,<strong> </strong><a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_mode=content&amp;and_facet_source_title=jour.1376874">Dimensions</a>, <a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2685-8169&amp;from_ui=yes">Crossref</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=2hsKihkAAAAJ">Google Scholar</a>, <a href="https://garuda.ristekbrin.go.id/journal/view/14970">GARUDA</a>, and more<br /><strong>DOI: </strong><a href="https://doi.org/10.33084/tunas">10.33084/tunas</a><br /><strong>Archive preservation: </strong><a href="https://garuda.ristekbrin.go.id/journal/view/14970">GARUDA</a><br /><strong>Publisher: </strong><a href="http://lp2m.umpr.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Research and Community Services</a> <a href="http://umpalangkaraya.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya</a><br /><strong>Editor in Chief: </strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=id&amp;user=O-YwspQAAAAJ">Agung Riadin</a></p> <p><strong>Tunas: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar</strong> (<em>Tunas J Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar</em>) is a national journal managed by the <strong><a href="https://fkip.umpr.ac.id/program-studi/s1-pgsd/">Department of Elementary Teacher Education Faculty of Teacher Training and Education</a> <a href="http://umpalangkaraya.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya</a></strong> and published by the <strong><a href="http://lp2m.umpr.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Research and Community Services</a> </strong><strong><a href="http://umpalangkaraya.ac.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya</a></strong> two times a year (in December and June), contains scientific articles of research and critical analysis studies in Elementary Teacher Education topics.</p> <p><a title="SINTA" href="https://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail/?id=5063"><img src="https://journal.umpr.ac.id/public/site/images/mandisetiawan/download-11.jpg" /></a></p> <p><strong>Tunas: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar</strong> is accredited at <strong>"<a href="https://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail/?id=5063">SINTA 4</a>"</strong> until December 2025 by Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Indonesia No: 0385/E5.3/KI.02.00/2022</p> Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya en-US Tunas: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar 2477-6076 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Any article on the copyright is retained by the author(s).</li> <li class="show">The author grants the journal, right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share work with an acknowledgment of the work authors and initial publications in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of published articles of work (eg, post-institutional repository) or publish it in a book, with acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their websites) prior to and during the submission process, as can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> <li class="show">The article and any associated published material is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</li> </ol> Systematic Literature Review: Teachers' Educational Interaction with Students in Learning in Indonesia https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6197 <p><em>Background</em>: Educative interaction between teachers and students in learning is a definite thing, and if it is not carried out well, it will trigger learning problems at school. Research on educational interactions is trending and has become an important study in education. This research aims to analyze the educational interactions of teachers and students in learning at school. <em>Method</em> :This research uses the SLR (Systematic Literature Review) method. Data was collected by documenting and reviewing previous articles related to interaction and education. Article searches were carried out by searching for articles using the Scopus database. The subjects studied in this research are education, social interaction, interpersonal communication, human relations, interaction, interpersonal relations, students, and teaching. The initial database was 113,234, and then the researchers re-specified it so that it was found to be 475 documents. <em>Results and Dıscussion: </em>The research results show that articles dominate discussions about educational interactions, and there is still very little study of reviews, book chapters, and letters. Social sciences, health, and computer science dominate the subject of discussion. National institutions, especially in the health sector, are more dominant in funding studies on educational interactions. From the Scopus database obtained, publications about educational interactions in learning are still very rare</p> Ribut Wahyu Eriyanti Ainur Rofiq Atok Miftahul Huda Endang Sri Estimurti Copyright (c) 2024 Endang Sri Estimurti, Ribut Wahyu Eriyanti, Atok Miftahul Huda, joko widodo http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 1 9 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6197 Analysis of Interactive Multimedia Needs for Mathematics Subjects at Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Al-Hunafa Palangka Raya https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6203 <p><em>Background</em>: Mathematics is a subject that almost all students consider to be difficult, boring, and unpleasant. Teachers are essential in packaging learning and using engaging media to make learning fun and memorable. <em>Aim:</em> This research analyzes the need for interactive multimedia and student learning outcomes. <em>Method</em>: This research uses a qualitative approach, with a qualitative descriptive method, for data collection techniques carried out using teacher and student interview instrument sheets, direct observation, and distributing interactive multimedia needs questionnaires. <em>Results and Dıscussion: </em>The results of the need for interactive multimedia (indicator 1 of the causes of low mathematics learning outcomes) show that 56% (14 out of 25 students) think mathematics is too complicated. For (Indicator 2 methods that teachers often use), the results showed that 64% (16 of 25 students) answered that the teacher explained the lesson and gave practice questions. For (Indicator 3, the impression of mathematics learning), 48% (12 of 25 students) thought that mathematics is a tough lesson, 24% (6 out of 25 students) said it was boring, 20% (5 out of 25 students) said it was challenging but fun and 8% (2 out of 25 students) said learning mathematics made them curious. In (indicator 4, Frequently used learning resources) there were 56% (14 out of 25 students) stated that worksheets were the primary learning source, and 44% (11 out of 25 students) answered textbooks.<em> Conclusion</em>: This research concludes that students need new learning resources such as interactive multimedia in speed and discharge subjects, indicating that 100% of students support and need this media in learning.</p> Gusti Nida Nurkhaliza Fathul Zannah Tazkiyatunnafs Elhawwa Copyright (c) 2023 Gusti Nida Nurkhaliza, Fathul Zannah, Tazkiyatunnafs Elhawwa http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 10 14 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6203 Achievement of Student Learning Competencies Using Problem Based E-Book in Primary School https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6406 <p><em>Background</em>: This research is motivated by the use teaching materials that are less varied. <em>Aim</em>: The purpose of this study to produce teaching materials in the form of E-Book assisted by Kvisoft Flipbook Maker Pro aplication on natural and social science learning in class IV primary school that are valid, practical, and effective. <em>Results and Dıscussion: </em>This research is a development research (R&amp;D) with the ADDIE model. The ADDIE model consists of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The results of validity test of the developed E-Book are 96% for material experts, 96% for media experts, and 94% for linguist with highly valid categoris. The results of the practicality test in the trial school were 94% for teacher responses and 93.21% for student responses. The results of the practicality test in the research school obtained 96% for teacher responses and 96.08% for student responses with very practical categories. The results of the effectiveness test are seen from the N-Gain value, which is 0.72 with a high category. <em>Conclusion</em>: Thus, the use of e-books assisted by the Kvisoft Flipbook Maker Pro application in natural and social science learning in class IV primary schools is declared valid, practical, and effective in learning.</p> Wenni Rahmadani Usri Yanti Fitria Copyright (c) 2023 Wenni Rahmadani Usri, Yanti Fitria http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 15 23 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6406 Bhinneka Tunggal Ika in the Frame of Huma Betang's Philosophy https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6245 <p><em>Background</em>: Indonesia is rich in diversity, which is caused by the spread of the population across many islands, so it has many differences in religion, ethnicity, race, and culture. The large number of differences will be vulnerable to division and intimidation. <em>Aim: T</em>his research aims to integrate the values of the Huma Betang philosophy which is also embodied in the Bhinneka Tunggal Ika frame. This research uses a qualitative descriptive and literature study approach where researchers collect data from various literature sources and journals. <em>Results and Dıscussion: </em>The results of the research show that the philosophy of Huma Betang has the same meaning as the five precepts that Huma Betang has meaning 1) Belief in the Almighty God or Religious Values (Hatala) Dayak people believe in the existence of God; 2) Just and Civilized Humanity, the Value of Justice and Belom Bahadat which has the meaning of life must be fair to all God's people and have good manners; 3) Indonesian Unity or called Handep Hapakat &amp; Isen Mulang, namely the spirit of cooperation and the spirit of never giving up; 4) Democracy led by the wisdom of decisions in representative deliberations, Hapakat Basara &amp; Hupungkal Lingu Nalatai Hapangajan Karendem Malempang means uniting in resolving a problem by consensus so that everything can reach a common agreement; 5) Social Justice for all Indonesian People, also called Belum penyang hinje simpei or living in harmony and peace for the sake of shared prosperity. <em>Conclusion: </em>Huma Betang's philosophy has values that are relevant to Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, which is contained in the motto and ideological foundation of the Indonesian state. In the Huma Betang philosophy, it has the same meaning as the five precepts contained in Pancasila.</p> Herman Herman Ady Ferdian Noor Rusmaniah Rusmaniah Wening Mustikaningsih Copyright (c) 2023 Herman Herman, Ady Ferdian Noor, Rusmaniah Rusmaniah, Wening Mustikaningsih http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 24 28 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6245 Analysis of Mathematics Learning in the Implementation of The Merdeka Curriculum at Muhammadiyah Palangka Raya Integrated Islamic Elementary School https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6339 <p><em>Background</em>: The implementation of the Merdeka curriculum in schools, especially at muhammadiyah palangka raya integrated islamic elementary school has become a concern. This is because the results of initial observations found that teacher and student activities during learning could not support student learning outcomes, especially in Mathematics learning. Thus, it is important to analyze mathematics learning in implementing the Merdeka curriculum at muhammadiyah palangka raya integrated islamic elementary school. <em>Aim: </em>Aim of this research is to describe the analysis of mathematics learning in implementing the independent curriculum at SD IT Muhammadiyah Palangka Raya. <em>Method:</em> This type of research is a type of qualitative research where the data that is found will be described according to the research focus. Data collection techniques in this research are observation, interviews and documentation. The data that has been collected is then analyzed and reduced using data simplification and retrieval of supporting data in this research so that the conclusions drawn can be justified. <em>Results and Dıscussion: </em>The results of the research show that mathematics learning in implementing the independent curriculum has been carried out well at muhammadiyah palangka raya integrated islamic elementary school. This can be seen from the preparation and implementation stages which have gone well. <em>Conclusion: </em>Muhammadiyah Palangka Raya integrated Islamic Elementary School has implemented mathematics education well as part of its Merdeka curriculum. This is evident from the proficient execution of the majority of preparation and learning components.</p> Dedy Setyawan Amelia Dwi Astuti Nurun Ni'mah Copyright (c) 2023 Nurun Ni'mah, Amelia Dwi Astuti, Dedy Setyawan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 29 33 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6339 Problematics of Science Learning With Limited Educators at Sentul Community Learning Center Kuala Lumpur https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6392 <p><em>Background:</em> In the context of science learning, the readiness of teaching staff greatly influences learning because the difficulties experienced by teachers are a trigger for learning failure in students and give rise to the view that science is a difficult subject. <em>Aim:</em> The aim of this research is to analyze the problems of science learning within the limited teachers in the Sentul Community Learning Center Kuala Lumpur. The Sentul Community Learning Center is a non-formal school for Indonesian immigrant children who do not have the opportunity to attend formal school in Kuala Lumpur. <em>Method:</em> This research uses a qualitative approach, and the type of research is descriptive research. The data collection methods used were interviews, observation, and documentation. <em>Results and Dıscussion:</em> In implementing science learning at the Sentul Community Learning Center, there are many limitations, especially in terms of teachers. Science learning is taught to students in grades three to six at one time because the Sentul community learning center lacks teachers and there are no adequate facilities to support science learning. <em>Conclusion:</em> Even though science learning at the Sentul community learning center is not yet effective and efficient, considering all the limitations of teaching staff as well as media and infrastructure for science learning, the implementation of learning at the Sentul community learning center is one form of effort made so that students receive education equivalent to formal schools.</p> Anggun Rahmayanti Arinta Rezty Wijayaningputri Innany Mukhlishina Copyright (c) 2023 Anggun Rahmayanti, Arinta Rezty Wijayaningputri, Innany Mukhlishina http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 34 39 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6392 Improving Student Learning Outcomes Through The Implementation of Storytelling Cooperative Learning Models https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6234 <p>Educational philosophy subject is one of mandatory subject that should be taken by student in the first semester of Primary Teacher Education Program in University of Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya. In fact, many students complained about difficulties in understanding the content of this subject. Cooperative learning by using storytelling method is one of the methodologies that can be used in teaching learning process. There are no previous research results that examine the cooperative learning model using the storytelling method, so researchers are interested in researching the implementation of the cooperative learning model using the storytelling method in improving student learning outcomes. This research uses the Classroom Action Research (CAR) method which focuses on efforts to improve student learning outcomes in educational philosophy subject. This research consist of 2 cycles, In cycle 1 students have not been able to reach the criteria for completion that has been determined. The class average score is 70, with learning completion was 62% or as many as 26 students from total 42 students. Therefore, cycle II has to be taken by the researcher, and as the result of cycle II the students has achieved the criteria for completion that were previously determined, with average score obtained was 85, 85% of students completed their studies (36 students from total 42 students).</p> Istiqamah Hafid Verawati Verawati M. Fatchurahman Siti Juhairiah Copyright (c) 2023 Istiqamah Hafid http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 40 43 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6234 Code Mixing in Mia Chuz's Wedding Agreement Novel and its Implication for the Learning of Advertising, Slogan and Poster Texts in Junior High School https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/5504 <p>The Wedding Agreement novel by Mia Chuz is a form of written literature containing code-mixed language elements. Code mixing is presented in the form of inserting English elements into Indonesian. The purpose of this study was to describe the form of linguistic elements, the causal factors and the function of mixing the English code in the novel Wedding Agreement by Mia Chuz and the implications for learning advertising texts, slogans and posters for class VIII SMP. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach using content analysis techniques. The results of the study found data containing the form of linguistic elements of English code mixing in the form of inserting elements in the form of words, phrases, basters, and clauses as well as causal factors and functions of English code mixing in Mia Chuz's novel Wedding Agreement. The implications of this research can be applied for the teaching of advertising texts, slogans and posters for class VIII SMP in basic competence 3.4 Examine the presentation patterns and language of advertisement texts, slogans and posters (which make one proud and motivating) from various sources that are read and heard.</p> Kharisma Devi Albertus Purwaka Indra Perdana Copyright (c) 2023 Kharisma Devi, Albertus Purwaka, Indra Perdana http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 44 50 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.5504 The Essence of Teachers and Ideal Islamic Religion Teachers: Thought of Ki Hajar Dewantoro, KH. Ahmad Dahlan, KH. Hasyim Asy'ari, Hamka, and Maria Montessori https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6509 <p>This research investigated Ki Hajar Dewantoro, KH. Ahmad Dahlan, KH. Hasyim Asy'ari, Hamka, and Maria Montessori viewed about the essence of teachers and ideal Islamic Religious Education (PAI) teachers. By using review literature approach, this research showed systematic and focused research methodology. First, research identified research problem and searched relevant literature source. Then literature sources were selected and evaluated based on inclusion and quality criteria. Data were collected and analysed to answer research problem. The view of Ki Hajar Dewantoro emphasized students' freedom, creativity and spirituality, with PAI teachers stimulating spiritual values and inter-religious tolerance. KH. Ahmad Dahlan proposed moderate and inclusive Islamic education, with PAI teachers who teached Islamic values in balanced and as model. KH. Hasyim Asy'ari saw knowledge, wisdom and noble moral in Islamic education, with criteria of professional, loving, authoritative, look after themselves, kept working, good teaching and broadminded PAI Teachers. Hamka initiated comprehensive understanding of religion, involving all aspects of life, and created responsible human. Maria Montessori emphasized experience-based approach, where PAI teachers created learning environment that supported students' exploration, creativity and direct experience. This research result summarized the conception of ideal PAI teachers and teachers, including freedom, creativity, spirituality, moderation, science, wisdom, noble morals, comprehensive understanding of religion, and experience-based approach. These findings gave deep insight into the importance of holistic education that configurated the character of young generation who character and responsibility.</p> Lilik Kholisotin M. Teguh Ciptadi Faridi Faridi Tobroni Tobroni Copyright (c) 2023 Lilik Kholisotin, M. Teguh Ciptadi, Faridi, Tobroni http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 51 54 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6509 Overview of Teachers' Knowledge About Canva's Innovative Learning Media https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6403 <p><em>Background</em>: As we know, Indonesia has problems with education. These problems include facilities, books and the quality of teachers, one of which is creating learning media. <em>Method</em>: This research method uses a descriptive quantitative approach. Researchers created a questionnaire with 5 questions then distributed the questionnaire using Google Form via WhatsApp Group. <em>Results and Dıscussion: </em>The research results showed that there are still teachers who do not know the Canva application and do not know that the learning media produced with Canva is interesting and effective. The lack of maximum development of learning media carried out by teachers is due to one of the reasons for the teacher's lack of ability to utilize media. <em>Conclusion</em>: The results of the research can be concluded that there are still teachers who have not been able to utilize technology in making learning media properly. This can be a reference in developing interesting learning media by creating an In House Training (IHT) for creating learning media for teachers.</p> Triyono Triyono Ida Dwijayanti Sumarno Sumarno Copyright (c) 2023 Triyono, Ida Dwijayanti, Sumarno http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 55 57 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6403 Developing Science Comic Learning Media for Grade IV Elementary School Based on Local Wisdom of South Kalimantan https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6206 <p><em>This research aimed to; 1) determine the feasibility of comic-based learning media based on the local wisdom of South Kalimantan for the science subject in grade IV elementary school; 2) determine the responses of teachers and students to comic-based learning media based on the local wisdom of South Kalimantan for the science subject in grade IV elementary school. This research used Research and Development (R&amp;D) with the Four-D (4D) development model; Define, Design, Develop, Disseminate. The trial design took the form of validation sheets and questionnaires with research subjects consisting of </em><em>a </em><em>media validator, </em><em>a </em><em>material validator, </em><em>a </em><em>language validator, teachers, and students of SDN Pengambangan 6 Banjarmasin. Data analysis was conducted </em><em>after </em><em>collecting data from the results of expert validation and the responses of teachers and students. The results showed that the feasibility from media experts was 93.3% (very feasible). The feasibility from material experts was 83.3% (very feasible). The feasibility from language experts was 94.3% (very feasible). The average feasibility assessment by the three expert validators for comic-based learning media based on the local wisdom of South Kalimantan was 89.2%, categorized as very feasible. The teacher response assessment result was 86.6% with a criteria of very good, and the student response assessment result was 78.75% with a criteria of good.</em></p> Ria Mayasari Lili Agustina Rifki Maulana Copyright (c) 2023 Ria Mayasari, Lili Agustina, Rifki Maulana http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 58 66 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6206 Deah, Maanyan, and Banjarnese Languages Kinship in Tabalong Regency South of Kalimantan https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6009 <p><em>Tabalong Regency will become one of the supporting cities for the new National Capital because of its strategic location and available resources. The ethnic diversity in Tabalong creates a multilingual situation which gives rise to a number of problems, such as the threat of extinction of minority languages due to the dominant language and socio-political conflicts due to tension due to less effective communication processes. Knowledge about the relationship of language in inter-ethnic interactions can strengthen feelings of inter-ethnic kinship. This research aims to determine the relationship between the main languages in Tabalong, namely Deah, Maanyan and Banjar. The techniques used are lexicostatistics and glotochronology. The results of data analysis using lexicostatistical techniques found that these three languages are classified as families at the linguistic level with a kinship percentage of Deah - Maanyan of 59%, Deah - Banjar of 50%, and Maanyan - Banjar of 52%. Glotochronological analysis shows that the separation time for these three languages, namely Deah - Maanyan is around 1,331-1,101 years, Deah - Banjar is around 1,729-1,463 years, and Maanyan - Banjar is 1,635-1,377 years. The phonemic correspondence of the three languages, namely Deah – Maanyan corresponds to the phonemes /o/ ~ /</em><em>ε</em><em>/ and /s/ ~ /h/, Deah </em><em>–</em><em> Banjar corresponds to the phonemes /o/ ~ /a/ and /w/ ~ /b/ , and Maanyan </em><em>–</em><em> Banjar correspond to the phonemes /</em><em>ε</em><em>/ ~ /a/, /</em><em>ε</em><em>/ ~ /i/, /h/ ~ /s/, /w/ ~ /b/, and /s/ ~ /c/.</em></p> Akhmad Humaidi Isna Kasmilawati Copyright (c) 2023 Akhmad Humaidi, Isna Kasmilawati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 67 74 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6009 School Rules Discipline: A Narrative Study on Elementary School Students in Martapura City https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6389 <p>This study aims to describe how elementary school children exercise discipline in holding temporary desires and <em>himmah</em> in realizing desires. In describing it, researchers use the basic theory of Good (1959) and supporting theories from Hartati (2010) and Haidar (2013) which define discipline as self-control in an effort to resist momentary desires and the use of desires and abilities. Researchers use a qualitative approach with narrative design. Participants were taken from grade 5 elementary school students with the condition that they met the predetermined participant criteria. In taking data, researchers use interview techniques with reference to interview guidelines that have been made.The results showed that: (1) Elementary school age children are still at a concrete operational stage which leads to a rudimentary state of thought and emotional stability. Children are only able to think logically about abstract objects around them. External influences are very easy to enter the mind and change its movements. The usual influences received by elementary-age children such as skipping school, smoking, and the habit of staying up late. (2) Desire and ability are two things that are interrelated and influence. Desire is related to the goals to be achieved when the child grows up. While ability is related to the facilities available. A child's goals are influenced by two things: personal experience and external encouragement. Meanwhile, ability is influenced by school policies that encourage school literacy.</p> Mubarok Mubarok Bagus Aulia Iskandar Zulparis Zulparis Novi Nurdian Copyright (c) 2023 Mubarok Mubarok, Bagus Aulia Iskandar, Zulparis Zulparis, Novi Nurdian http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 75 79 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6389 Banjar Culture in The Anthology of Poetry Hulu Sungai Tengah In Pantun and Poetry https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6259 <p>This research is related to Banjar culture in the poetry anthology Hulu Sungai Tengah in Pantun and Poetry published by Scripta Cendikia. The purpose of this study is to reveal and describe the elements of Banjar culture contained in the poetry anthology Hulu Sungai Tengah in Pantun and Poetry published by Scripta Cendikia, which includes (1) Linguistic Aspects, (2) Community System, (3) Livelihood System. The approach used is an anthropological approach, carried out with descriptive methods of analysis and digging up data taken using textobservation techniques and documentation techniques. After the data is collected then analyzed with interpreatative descriptive techniques, where researchers explain the data as a whole first, after the data is collected and netted researchers interpret to analyze the data carried out through stages: (1) Organizing data, (2) interpretation, (3) evaluation. Based on the results of the study, the following conclusions were obtained: (1). Linguistic aspects which include: a) phonological dominant with vowel sounds a, e, i, and u b) lexical there are 321 words that predominantly contain vowel sounds a, e, i, and you, there are also many word repetitions, c) grammatical, arranged linearly and there are no structural deviations. (2). Social System, (a) relations between communities, found in this study are 7 poems that describe that between communities are interconnected. (b) Society with social environment found in this study there are 13 poems that describe that society and its social environment are interdependent. (3). The livelihood system found in this study is agriculture such as rice fields, grains (rice) and rice, as well as trade, namely markets.</p> Johan Arifin Heppy Lismayanti Jamilah Jamilah Copyright (c) 2023 Johan Arifin, Heppy Lismayanti http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 80 85 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6259 Flutter Application for Dormitory Resident Monitoring (Case Study: Lambung Mangkurat South Kalimantan Student Dormitory) https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6150 <p><em>The management of the Lambung Mangkurat South Kalimantan Student Dormitory is responsible for providing reports on their dormitory residents. These reports include personal data and Study Result Cards to confirm that boarders are students. However, currently, the administrators use WhatsApp groups to collect these reports, which causes a backlog and difficulty in data collection. Therefore, a research project was initiated to develop an application that can assist residents and administrators in collecting and managing these reports. The app serves as a monitoring and evaluation tool for the boarders. It can also track their financial, academic, and daily picket activity reports. The research started with a literature study to identify the problems and objectives of the project. The current system procedures were analyzed to identify areas that needed improvement. Based on the research results, an Android-based application was developed and successfully implemented at Lambung Mangkurat South Kalimantan Student Dormitory. This application has features that allow dormitory managers to monitor daily picket activities, academic reports, and cash billing information more efficiently.</em></p> Abdurrahman Yusuf Wijasena Muhammad Zakariyah Copyright (c) 2023 Abdurrahman Yusuf Wijasena, Muhammad Zakariyah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 86 95 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6150 Factor Analysis of Student Learning Difficulties Using Powerpoint Media https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/tunas/article/view/6596 <p><em>This learning media is useful for teachers because using media as a tool can help teachers explain the material being conveyed to students. Public Vocational Secondary School-2 Kasongan has sufficient facilities such as LCDs, laptops, and computers, but teachers do not utilize the existing facilities. Therefore, teachers must be able to create interesting learning using PowerPoint media so that students are interested in following the learning provided by the teacher. This research aims to determine the factors influencing students' difficulties using Microsoft PowerPoint. This research was conducted at Public Vocational Secondary School -2 Kasongan. The research object was the class data analysis process, checking data validity. The results of this research show that the factors that influence the difficulty in using Microsoft PowerPoint at Public Vocational Secondary School-2 Kasongan are: 1) several students are technologically clueless and have knowledge of the basics of PowerPoint. 2) Students do not understand the function of using PowerPoint features. 3) Lack of creative ideas and creativity in creating attractive PowerPoint designs.</em></p> Chandra Anugrah Putra M. Sumardy Copyright (c) 2023 Chandra Anugrah Putra, M. Sumardy http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-12-29 2023-12-29 9 1 96 98 10.33084/tunas.v9i1.6596