Knowledge and Attitude of Antibiotic Use among Public in Rural Area of Cempaka, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan

Nurul Mardiati (1) , Rahmayanti Fitriah (2) , Nadia Wahyu Artati (3) , Wika Tiarawati (4) , Muhammad Zaini (5)
(1) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Borneo Lestari , Indonesia
(2) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Borneo Lestari , Indonesia
(3) Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta , Indonesia
(4) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Borneo Lestari , Indonesia
(5) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Borneo Lestari , Indonesia

Abstract

The high intensity of antibiotics relatively uses causes various problems for health, especially bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Lack of public knowledge about the rationale of antibiotics is a factor that can trigger bacterial resistance to antibiotics. This study aims to assess the public's knowledge and attitudes towards antibiotic use in rural areas Cempaka, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan. This was a descriptive cross-sectional survey method in which closed-ended questionnaires were distributed to 380 rural residents in the village of Cempaka proportional stratified random sampling technique. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate with the Chi-Square statistical test method. In conclusion, the rural residents demonstrated moderate knowledge (83.2%) and a positive attitude towards antibiotic use (97.4%). There is no significant association between both knowledge level and of antibiotics on the attitude towards antibiotic use.

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

1. Ventola CL. The Antibiotic Resistance Crisis. Part 1: Causes and Threats. P T. 2015;40(4):277-83
2. Ayukekbong JA, Ntemgwa M, Atabe AN. The threat of antimicrobial resistance in developing countries: causes and control strategies. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2017;6:47. doi:10.1186/s13756-017-0208-x
3. Nepal G, Bhatta S. Self-medication with Antibiotics in WHO Southeast Asian Region: A Systematic Review. Cureus. 2018;10(4):e2428. doi:10.7759/cureus.2428
4. Munita JM, Arias CA. Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance. Microbiol Spectr. 2016;4(2):0016-2015. doi:10.1128/microbiolspec.vmbf-0016-2015
5. Manyi-Loh C, Mamphweli S, Meyer E, Okoh A. Antibiotic Use in Agriculture and Its Consequential Resistance in Environmental Sources: Potential Public Health Implications. Molecules. 2018;23(4):795. doi:10.3390/molecules23040795
6. World Health Organization. Antimicrobial resistance in the South-East Asia [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014. Available from: https://www.who.int/southeastasia/health-topics/antimicrobial-resistance
7. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Hasil Utama Riskesdas 2013. Jakarta: Health Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2013.
8. Kurniawan K, Posangi J, Rampengan N. Association between public knowledge regarding antibiotics and self-medication with antibiotics in Teling Atas Community Health Center, East Indonesia. Med J Indones. 2017;26(1):62-9. doi:10.13181/mji.v26i1.1589
9. Fimanggara B, Istriati I, Diposarosa R. Knowledge and Attitude towards Antibiotic Use among College Students in Jatinangor. Althea Med J. 2016;3(2):269-74. doi:10.15850/amj.v3n2.792
10. Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Indonesia. Klasifikasi Perkotaan dan Perdesaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Indonesia; 2010
11. Loftus J, Allen EM, Call KT, Everson-Rose SA. Rural-Urban Differences in Access to Preventive Health Care Among Publicly Insured Minnesotans. J Rural Health. 2018;34(Suppl 1):s48-s55. doi:10.1111/jrh.12235
12. Haque M, Rahman NAA, McKimm J, Kibria GM, Majumder MAA, Haque SZ, et al. Self-medication of antibiotics: investigating practice among university students at the Malaysian National Defence University. Infect Drug Resist. 2019;12:1333-51. doi:10.2147/idr.s203364
13. Pratiwi RI, Rustamadji R, Widayati A. Pengetahuan Mengenai Antibiotika Di Kalangan Mahasiswa Ilmu Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta. Jurnal Farmasi Sains dan Komunitas Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Community. 2013;10(2):61-70. doi:10.24071/jpsc.0091
14. Kim SS, Moon S, Kim EJ. Public knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic use in South Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2011;41(6):742-9. doi:10.4040/jkan.2011.41.6.742
15. Oh AL, Hassali MA, Al-Haddad MS, Sulaiman SAS, Shafie AA, Awaisu A. Public knowledge and attitudes towards antibiotic usage: a cross-sectional study among the general public in the state of Penang, Malaysia. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2011;5(5):338-47. doi:10.3855/jidc.1502
16. Mouhieddine TH, Olleik Z, Itani MM, Kawtharani S, Nassar H, Hassoun R, et al. Assessing the Lebanese population for their knowledge, attitudes and practices of antibiotic usage. J Infect Public Health. 2015;8(1):20-31. doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2014.07.010
17. Widayati A, Suryawati S, de Crespigny C, Hiller JE. Knowledge and beliefs about antibiotics among people in Yogyakarta City Indonesia: a cross sectional population-based survey. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2012;1:38. doi:10.1186/2047-2994-1-38
18. Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta; 2008
19. Murti B. Desain dan Ukuran Sampel untuk Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif di Bidang Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press; 2013
20. Notoadmodjo S. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012
21. Widoyoko EP. Teknik Penyusunan Instrumen Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar; 2015
22. Al Rasheed A, Yagoub U, Alkhashan H, Abdelhay O, Alawwad A, Al Aboud A, et al. Prevalence and Predictors of Self-Medication with Antibiotics in Al Wazarat Health Center, Riyadh City, KSA. Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:3916874. doi:10.1155/2016/3916874
23. Pavydė E, Veikutis V, Mačiulienė A, Mačiulis V, Petrikonis K, Stankevičius E. Public Knowledge, Beliefs and Behavior on Antibiotic Use and Self-Medication in Lithuania. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015;12(6):7002-16. doi:10.3390/ijerph120607002
24. Fernandez BAM. Studi Penggunaan Antibiotik Tanpa Resep di Kabupaten Manggarai dan Manggarai Barat – NTT. Calyptra. 2014;2(2):1-17
25. Fair RJ, Tor Y. Antibiotics and Bacterial Resistance in the 21st Century. Perspect Medicin Chem. 2014;6:25-64. doi:10.4137/PMC.S14459
26. Fazio RH. Attitudes as Object-Evaluation Associations of Varying Strength. Soc Cogn. 2007;25(5):603-37. doi:10.1521/soco.2007.25.5.603

Authors

Nurul Mardiati
nurulmardiati2@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Rahmayanti Fitriah
Nadia Wahyu Artati
Wika Tiarawati
Muhammad Zaini
1.
Mardiati N, Fitriah R, Artati NW, Tiarawati W, Zaini M. Knowledge and Attitude of Antibiotic Use among Public in Rural Area of Cempaka, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan. Borneo J Pharm [Internet]. 2021Aug.30 [cited 2024May24];4(3):238-47. Available from: https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/bjop/article/view/2118

Article Details