Medical and Pharmacy Students’ Attitudes Towards Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration in Indonesia: A Case Study Approach

Nisa Febrinasari (1) , Hudan Taufiq (2) , Futikha Hudaningrum (3)
(1) Universitas Islam Sultan Agung , Indonesia
(2) Universitas Islam Sultan Agung , Indonesia
(3) Universitas Islam Sultan Agung , Indonesia

Abstract

Learning process evaluation of Interprofessional Education (IPE) was crucial to determine the implementation process’s success. The evaluation can be done by researching student attitudes in IPE activities. Research on students' attitudes in medical education and pharmacy study programs is expected to be a guideline for the IPE curriculum drafting team at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, to develop future IPE learning activities. The study design was observational analytic with a cross-sectional method involving all medical and pharmacy students of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung who had participated in a Small Group Discussion with TB management and met the inclusion criteria. Data collection was carried out in August 2020 using an online google form questionnaire. Data obtained through the Scale of Attitudes Toward Psychic-Pharmacist Collaboration questionnaire contains 16 questions tested for validity and reliability. Questions were answered using a 4-point Likert Scale. The statistical test analysis results on the total score of the collaboration attitude scale using the Mann Whitney Test was a p-value of 0.000. The median total score of medical and pharmacy students was 47.00 and 56.00, respectively. The p-value indicates a significant difference between the total scores of medical and pharmacy students. Based on the analysis results, the study shows significant differences in collaboration attitudes. Medical education students fall into the "moderate" category and pharmacy students in the "high" category. The pharmacy students have a more positive collaboration attitude than medical education students toward future collaborative relationships.

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

1. Gilbert JHV, Yan J, Hoffman SJ. A WHO report: framework for action on interprofessional education and collaborative practice. J Allied Health. 2010;39(Suppl 1):196-7
2. Green BN, Johnson CD. Interprofessional collaboration in research, education, and clinical practice: working together for a better future. J Chiropr Educ. 2015;29(1):1-10. doi:10.7899/JCE-14-36
3. Cunha L, Neves S, Marques TC, Araújo D, Alcantara T, Lyra DP. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation to Brazil of the scale of attitudes toward physician-pharmacists collaboration. Pharm Pract. 2017;15(2):872. doi:10.18549/pharmpract.2017.02.872
4. Vegesna A, Coschignano C, Hegarty SE, Karagiannis T, Polenzani L, Messina E, et al. Attitudes towards physician-nurse collaboration in a primary care team-based setting: Survey-based research conducted in the chronic care units of the Tuscany region of Italy. J Interprof Care. 2016;30(1):65-70. doi:10.3109/13561820.2015.1081878
5. Katoue MG, Awad AI, Al-Jarallah A, Al-Ozairi E, Schwinghammer TL. Medical and pharmacy students' attitudes towards physician-pharmacist collaboration in Kuwait. Pharm Pract. 2017;15(3):1029. doi:10.18549/pharmpract.2017.03.1029
6. Kristina TN, Sudaryanto S, Asmara FY, Nuryanto N, Wirakusumah F, Syukriani Y. Community-Based Health-Professions Interprofessional Education: A Collaborative and Sustainable Model. Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education. 2018;7(1):46-53. doi:10.22146/jpki.35543
7. Murphy JE, Liles AM, Bingham AL, Chamberlin KW, Dang DK, Hill LG, et al. Interprofessional education: Principles and application. An update from the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. J Am Coll Clin Pharm. 2018;1(1):17-28. doi:10.1002/jac5.1025
8. Pratiwi DR, Adespin DA, Soeharto BP. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kinerja Mahasiswa S-1 Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Diponegoro Dalam Pelaksanaan Kegiatan Interprofessional Education Tahun 2017. Jurnal Kedokteran Diponegoro. 2018;7(2):667-75. doi:10.14710/dmj.v7i2.20716
9. Setiadi AP, Wibowo Y, Irawati S, Setiawan E, Presley B, Gudka S, et al. Indonesian pharmacists’ and pharmacy students’ attitudes towards collaboration with physicians. Pharm Pract. 2017;15(4):1052. doi:10.18549/pharmpract.2017.04.1052
10. Van Winkle LJ, Fjortoft N, Hojat M. Validation of an instrument to measure pharmacy and medical students' attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration. Am J Pharm Educ. 2011;75(9):178. doi:10.5688/ajpe759178
11. Tavakol M, Dennick R. Making sense of Cronbach's alpha. Int J Med Educ. 2011;2:53-5. doi:10.5116/ijme.4dfb.8dfd
12. Prado FO, Rocha KS, AraúJo DC, Cunha LC, Marques TC, Lyra DP. Evaluation of students' attitudes towards pharmacist-physician collaboration in Brazil. Pharm Pract. 2018;16(4):1277. doi:10.18549/pharmpract.2018.04.1277
13. Rahayu SA, Widianto S, Defi IR, Abdulah R. Role of Pharmacists in the Interprofessional Care Team for Patients with Chronic Diseases. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2021;14:1701-10. doi:10.2147/JMDH.S309938
14. Kelly DV, Bishop L, Young S, Hawboldt J, Phillips L, Keough TM. Pharmacist and physician views on collaborative practice. Can Pharm J. 2013;146(4):218-26. doi:10.1177/1715163513492642
15. Löffler C, Koudmani C, Böhmer F, Paschka SD, Höck J, Drewelow E, et al. Perceptions of interprofessional collaboration of general practitioners and community pharmacists - a qualitative study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17(1):224. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2157-8
16. Mazhar F, Ahmed Y, Haider N, Al Ghamdi F. Community pharmacist and primary care physician collaboration: The missing connection in pharmaceutical care. J Taibah Univ Med Sci. 2016;12(3):273-5. doi:10.1016/j.jtumed.2016.06.008
17. Majid S, Foo S, Luyt B, Zhang X, Theng YL, Chang YK, et al. Adopting evidence-based practice in clinical decision making: nurses' perceptions, knowledge, and barriers. J Med Libr Assoc. 2011;99(3):229-36. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.99.3.010
18. Hojat M, Gonnella JS, Nasca TJ, Fields SK, Cicchetti A, Lo Scalzo A, et al. Comparisons of American, Israeli, Italian and Mexican physicians and nurses on the total and factor scores of the Jefferson scale of attitudes toward physician-nurse collaborative relationships. Int J Nurs Stud. 2003;40(4):427-35. doi:10.1016/s0020-7489(02)00108-6
19. Rosen MA, DiazGranados D, Dietz AS, Benishek LE, Thompson D, Pronovost PJ, et al. Teamwork in Healthcare: Key Discoveries Enabling Safer, High-Quality Care. Am Pyschol. 2018;73(4):433-50. doi:10.1037/amp0000298
20. Bridges DR, Davidson RA, Odegard PS, Maki IV, Tomkowiak J. Interprofessional collaboration: three best practice models of interprofessional education. Med Educ Online. 2011;16:6035. doi:10.3402/meo.v16i0.6035
21. Ascione FJ. Preparing Pharmacists for Collaborative/Integrated Health Settings. Pharmacy. 2019;7(2):47. doi:10.3390/pharmacy7020047
22. Birk TJ. Principles for Developing an Interprofessional Education Curriculum in a Healthcare Program. J Healthc Commun. 2017;2:1. doi:10.4172/2472-1654.100049

Authors

Nisa Febrinasari
nisafebrie@unissula.ac.id (Primary Contact)
Hudan Taufiq
Futikha Hudaningrum
1.
Febrinasari N, Taufiq H, Hudaningrum F. Medical and Pharmacy Students’ Attitudes Towards Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration in Indonesia: A Case Study Approach. Borneo J Pharm [Internet]. 2021Aug.30 [cited 2024May28];4(3):231-7. Available from: https://journal.umpr.ac.id/index.php/bjop/article/view/1985

Article Details